London Vs. Madrid (Size, Cost Of Living, Weather, Transportation, Jobs)

London and Madrid are two well-known capitals in Europe, and each has its own unique traits, cultures, and allure.

Both cities have dynamic atmospheres and rich histories, but they also provide distinctive experiences that make them stand out from one another.

Let’s look at the main differences between London and Madrid.

Size: Which City Is Bigger?

London is one of the biggest cities in Europe, the capital of the United Kingdom. With a population of nearly 9 million, the Greater London region is one of the most populous cities in Europe.

The area of the city itself is roughly 1,572 square kilometers (607 square miles).

Madrid, on the other hand, is both Spain’s capital and its largest city. Within the city borders, there are roughly 3.3 million people, and there are about 6.6 million people living there in total.

It is spread across an area of roughly 233.3 square miles, or 604.3 square kilometers.

Therefore, London is larger than Madrid in terms of both population and area.

Cost Of Living: Which City Is More Affordable?

Housing, transportation, food, healthcare, and entertainment costs all come into play when comparing the cost of living between two places.

  • Housing:

London is notorious for its high housing costs. The average rental prices are significantly higher compared to Madrid.

In London, a one-bedroom apartment in the city center can cost around £1,800 to £3,000 per month, while outside the city center, it may range from £1,300 to £2,200.

In Madrid, the prices are comparatively lower, with city center rents ranging from €800 to €1,500, and outside the center from €600 to €1,100. Madrid tends to offer more affordable housing options than London.

  • Transportation:

London has an extensive and efficient public transportation system, including the Underground, buses, and trains.

However, transportation costs can be relatively high. The monthly travel card for unlimited travel within Zones 1-6 costs around £150.

In contrast, Madrid’s public transportation system is also well-developed and offers affordable options. The monthly pass for unlimited travel in Madrid’s city center costs approximately €55, making it more cost-effective than London.

  • Food:

Both London and Madrid offer a wide range of dining options, including restaurants, cafes, and grocery stores.

While the cost of eating out can be relatively high in both cities, Madrid tends to be more affordable in terms of groceries. Basic food items, such as fruits, vegetables, and meat, are generally cheaper in Madrid compared to London.

  • Healthcare:

The healthcare systems in both London and Madrid are highly regarded, but the costs can vary.

In the United Kingdom, healthcare is primarily provided through the National Health Service (NHS), which is funded by taxes and provides free or low-cost medical services.

In Spain, healthcare is also largely accessible through the national healthcare system, but it is funded by social security contributions. Overall, healthcare costs are relatively similar in both cities, but London may have higher private healthcare costs.

  • Entertainment and Recreation:

Entertainment expenses can vary based on personal preferences and lifestyle choices.

Both London and Madrid offer a wide range of cultural events, museums, theaters, and recreational activities.

However, London tends to be more expensive in terms of ticket prices for shows, concerts, and tourist attractions. Madrid, on the other hand, offers a vibrant social scene with numerous affordable options for entertainment and cultural activities.

Weather: Which City Has a Better Climate?

London and Madrid have different climates, and the preference for a better climate can vary depending on personal preferences. Here’s a comparison of the climates in both cities:

  • London:

London has a temperate maritime climate, characterized by mild summers and cool winters.

The city experiences relatively moderate temperature ranges throughout the year. The average summer temperatures in London range from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F), while winter temperatures range from 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F).

Rainfall is spread evenly throughout the year, with October and November being the wettest months.

  • Madrid:

Madrid has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot summers and cold winters.

The city experiences high temperatures and low precipitation during the summer months, while winters are generally cold.

Average summer temperatures in Madrid range from 25°C to 35°C (77°F to 95°F), while winter temperatures range from 0°C to 10°C (32°F to 50°F).

Rainfall is relatively low, and the city sees most of its precipitation during the spring and autumn months.

Based on these characteristics, if you prefer milder temperatures and a more even distribution of rainfall throughout the year, London might be a better choice.

On the other hand, if you enjoy hotter summers and don’t mind colder winters, Madrid’s climate might be more appealing.

Transportation: Which City Is More Accessible?

London and Madrid are both large cities with sophisticated transportation infrastructure, however, the accessibility of each city may differ depending on a variety of criteria.

The transportation systems of London and Madrid are contrasted below:

  • Public Transportation:


London has an extensive public transportation network, including the iconic London Underground (Tube), buses, trams, and overground trains.

The Tube covers most parts of the city, making it convenient to travel around. Additionally, London has an integrated payment system called Oyster card, which allows easy access to all modes of public transport.


Madrid also boasts an efficient public transportation system. The Madrid Metro is one of the largest metro networks in the world and covers a significant portion of the city. The city also has an extensive bus network and commuter trains.

Madrid also uses a contactless payment system, allowing for seamless transfers between different modes of transport.

  • Airport Connectivity:


London is served by several major airports, including Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, and Luton.

These airports have excellent connectivity to the city center through express trains, dedicated airport buses, and the Underground.


Madrid has a major international airport called Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport, which is well-connected to the city center via express trains, metro, and buses.

It offers numerous flights to domestic and international destinations.

  • Walkability:


London is known for its walkability, especially in the city center. Many attractions, such as the Tower Bridge, Buckingham Palace, and Covent Garden, are within walking distance of each other.


Madrid is also a pedestrian-friendly city, particularly in the central areas. Popular locations like Puerta del Sol, Plaza Mayor, and the Royal Palace can be easily explored on foot.

Jobs: Which City Has Better Job Opportunities?

Both London and Madrid are large cities with strong job markets; nevertheless, depending on a number of variables and a person’s specific situation, one may prefer one city over the other. Here are some important things to think about:

  • Industry Focus:

London is known as a global financial hub and has a strong presence in sectors like finance, banking, and professional services.

Madrid, on the other hand, has a diverse economy with strengths in sectors like finance, tourism, telecommunications, and renewable energy.

  • Language Requirement:

Language plays a crucial role in job opportunities. London primarily operates in English, while Madrid is predominantly Spanish-speaking. If you are fluent in English, London may provide more opportunities in international companies and English-speaking roles.

However, if you are proficient in Spanish, Madrid offers a range of opportunities within the Spanish job market.

  • Cost of Living:

Both London and Madrid are major cities with relatively high costs of living. However, London tends to be more expensive overall, particularly when it comes to accommodation.

It’s important to consider your budget and determine if the higher salaries in London offset the increased living expenses.